the actual problems of technology 绳锯木断的上一句

The Ministry of agriculture pushing potato staple supporting corn "inventory" newspaper reporter Dai Chunchen Guangzhou reported in February 23rd, the Ministry of agriculture guidance to Beijing, Hebei, Inner Mongolia and other 14 provinces agriculture department issued "on the potato industry development" (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions" "). According to this document, to 2020, the potato planting area in China has expanded to more than 100 million acres, suitable for staple food processing varieties planting proportion reached 30%, the staple food consumption accounted for 30% of total consumption of potato. This is a year ago the Ministry of agriculture referred to the "150 million acres" and "food consumption 50%" goals have come down. At the same time, the Ministry of agriculture hopes that this will adjust and optimize planting structure, as an alternative to the "sickle bend" region of the ideal crop of corn. In an interview in twenty-first Century economic report several experts said that the adjustment of quantitative targets, indicates that the advance of potato staple high-rise assessment more rational and understanding. In the long term, the staple food of potato is conducive to the maintenance of food security in China, but the need to rationalize the landing supporting policies, from the industrial chain of barrier technology, storage, processing to the market. Potato ideas instead of corn in 2015, the Ministry of agriculture has repeatedly suggested that the next 10 years, the potato planting area from the current about 80000000 to 150 million mu mu, mu production increased to 2 tons, is expected in 2020 more than 50% of the potato as staple food consumption. In the Central Document No. 1 of 2016, it also referred to "actively promoting the development of staple food for potatoes"". And the promulgation of the "opinion", these two market weathervane significance of the target has been adjusted. The ten year goal was "100 million acres" and "per 1.3 tons in the five year goal, and in 2020 accounted for the total proportion of potato staple food consumption reduced from 50% to 30%, and clearly suitable for staple food processing varieties planting proportion is 30%. "Cut the staple food proportion is top is reflected more rational understanding of potato staple food and food security." The analysis of rural development research China Social Sciences Institute deputy director Li Guoxiang, on the one hand, the agricultural sector must overestimation of food consumption in future; on the other hand, appropriate to reduce the target also takes into account the current policy landing process, the actual problems of technology, consumer habits can not keep up etc.. The analysis of agricultural economic experts, Beijing Technology and Business University School of economics vice president Xu Zhenyu, a few years ago brewing potato staple food industrialization, coincides with the international food prices rose sharply, domestic residents may face "can not afford the food problem", has the realistic meaning of potato staple food, but the present situation is the international food inventory, prices plummeted continuously. However, Xu Zhenyu also pointed out that in the long term, because the potato has easy to plant, storage and other characteristics, the drastic fluctuations in the international market, can be used as a food reserve to maintain the domestic food supply. "Opinions" also mentioned that potato is a new round of planting structure adjustment, especially in the "sickle bend" area of corn structure adjustment ideal alternative crops. At present, China’s grain inventories, "camber" area to reduce 10 million acres of corn. Li Guoxiang’s theory of 21 aspects

农业部力推马铃薯主粮化 支撑玉米“去库存”   本报记者戴春晨广州报道   2月23日,农业部向北京、河北、内蒙古等14个省市区农业部门下发《关于推进马铃薯产业开发的指导意见》(下称“《意见》”)。   根据这份文件,到2020年,我国马铃薯种植面积扩大到1亿亩以上,适宜主食加工的品种种植比例达到30%,主食消费占马铃薯总消费量的30%。这较一年前农业部提及的“1.5亿亩”和“主粮消费50%”目标有所下调。   同时,农业部希望此举能调整优化种植结构,作为替代“镰刀弯”地区玉米的理想作物之一。   接受21世纪经济报道采访的多名专家表示,调整量化目标,预示着高层对马铃薯主粮化的推进有更理性的评估和理解。从长期看,马铃薯主粮化有利于维护我国的粮食安全,但目前需要落地配套政策,理顺从技术、存储、加工到市场的产业链障碍。   马铃薯替代玉米思路   2015年,农业部多次提出,未来10年,马铃薯种植面积将由目前的8000多万亩扩大到1.5亿亩,亩产量提高到2吨以上,预计2020年50%以上的马铃薯将作为主粮消费。而2016年中央一号文件中,亦提及“积极推进马铃薯主食开发”。   而此次颁布的《意见》,这两个有市场风向标意义的目标有所调整。十年目标被“1亿亩”和“亩产1.3吨左右”的五年目标取代,而2020年马铃薯主食消费占总量比重也由50%下调至30%,并明确适宜主食加工的品种种植比例为30%。   “下调主食比重,是高层对马铃薯主粮化和粮食安全有更理性认识的体现。”中国社会科学院农村发展研究所副主任李国祥分析,一方面农业部门对未来的粮食消费量存在一定高估;而另一方面,适当降低目标也考虑到了目前政策落地过程中,技术、居民消费习惯跟不上等实际问题。   农业经济专家、北京工商大学经济学院副院长徐振宇分析,马铃薯主粮化战略酝酿的前几年,恰逢国际粮价大幅上扬,国内居民有可能面临“买不起粮食”的难题,马铃薯主粮化有现实意义,但目前的情况是国际粮食库存积压,价格暴跌不断。   不过,徐振宇也指出,从长期看,由于马铃薯有易种植、耐存储等特点,在国际市场发生剧烈波动的时期,可作为后备粮食维系国内粮食供给。   《意见》还提到,马铃薯是新一轮种植结构调整特别是“镰刀弯”地区玉米结构调整理想的替代作物之一。当前,我国粮食库存积压,“镰刀弯”地区需要调减玉米1000万亩。   李国祥对21世纪经济报道表示,马铃薯替代玉米的思路可作参考,但要看市场和农民的选择。   主粮化两大挑战   徐振宇告诉21世纪经济报道,“马铃薯主粮化有两个挑战,一是老百姓的胃接不接受,二是农民愿不愿意种。”   要回答“农民愿不愿意种”的问题,牵涉到整个产业链。广东惠东马铃薯产业带头人胡成来表示,马铃薯主粮牵涉到品种研发、存储、流通到加工等一系列问题,整条产业链仍未完善。例如,目前国内的种薯产能远不能供应1亿亩马铃薯的种植,而马铃薯加工需要的存储仓库也没有建立起来。   广东惠东有相当一部分农民因为种植马铃薯尝到“发家致富”的甜头。但是,2016年年初,广东遭遇罕见寒潮,马铃薯减少严重,价格反降不升,农民种植积极性锐减。   据广东海洋大学农学院副教授朱宏波观察,马铃薯主粮化战略提出以来,广东马铃薯产业并没有做出太明显的反应,适应主粮化的高淀粉马铃薯品种也没有扩种。其主要原因在于对配套政策落地迟缓的担忧。   “马铃薯替代玉米”问题的焦点也在于此。徐振宇表示,除了种植技术的转换问题之外,最根本的问题在于玉米改种马铃薯,农民有没有“赚头”。农民担忧的是,等到马铃薯发展起来后,跟玉米一样积压怎么办?   “要理顺整个产业链,就必须要有足够完善的配套政策落地。”胡成来说。   (编辑:吴红缨) 进入【新浪财经股吧】讨论相关的主题文章: