Since the media alliance – why Turkey from countries are getting more and more far xxjjyy.com

From the media alliance – why Turkey is far away from the big country? Turkey shot down Russian warplanes in November 24, 2015, Russia, a Soviet -24 fighter shot down at the border area of Turkey, a stone arouses thousands of waves. From that day on, the name of Turkey, a middle east country, has come back again and again in people’s eyes. And the occasional bombing attack in Turkey continues to hit the headlines. From the hope of joining the European Union, but has been refused, and now intends to become a "Middle East powers" with neighboring countries "zero diplomatic problem", Turkey seems far away from its "big country dream". Turkey crosses Eurasia, where geography is very important. At the same time, Turkey is an Islamic country, belonging to NATO member countries, long-term commitment to join the European Union, its total economic output ranks seventeenth in the world, is a comprehensive strength of the Middle East countries. According to the Turkey Bureau of statistics, gross domestic product amounted to $800 billion 100 million in 2014. The Turks have established a across Asia, Europe, Africa and the three continents of the great empire — the Osman Empire (1299-1922), but in the end because apart is the father of Turkey and domestic trouble and foreign invasion, Kemal led Turkey to become a modern, secular state. With the rise of Turkey, national rejuvenation has become a dream of great power in modern Turkey". In general Lidawute Oulu "strategic depth" in the book wrote, Turkey will be a change in the "Pro western policy", and strive to become the important country in the Middle East, to make use of their own advantages, expand the influence, and has become influential in the world countries. In the Middle East turmoil, Turkey’s "big country dream" road is not smooth. In February 22nd, the United States and Russia issued a joint statement announcing a cease-fire agreement on the Syria issue. Turkey, which has always been united with the United States and the European Union, has held joint military exercises with Saudi arabia. As NATO allies, although Turkey has supported Syria’s opposition, resolutely to overthrow the Assad regime, but also accused of secretly collusion of the Islamic state, and was photographed to buy oil from the Islamic state in the hands, although the Turkish president refused to recognize the purchase, and called slander". From Iran’s Fars news agency reported that the Syria free army announced it had mastered the image Turkey to buy oil from the Islamic state of the contract "". Once the news is true, it is difficult for Turkey to get rid of the hat such as "terrorist supporters". Of course, as the above allegations are true, the real goal of Turkey is not to buy cheap oil, but to "support" terrorism by the way, but to fight against the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) in Turkey. The government of Turkey has identified the Kurdish Democratic Alliance Party (PYD) in Syria as the branch of the pkk. The PKK has been in conflict with the local government for a long time, and has been identified as a terrorist organization by the government of Turkey. However, the United States government does not believe that the PKK is a terrorist organization, but also strongly support the Kurdish Democratic Alliance Party in Syria to crack down on the Islamic state". The Kurds did fight a in the fight against the Islamic state 自媒体联盟-土耳其为何离大国越来越远? 土耳其击落俄战机   2015年11月24日,俄罗斯一架苏-24战机在土叙边境被土耳其击落,一石激起千层浪。从那一天起,土耳其这个中东国家的名字便一次又一次出现在人们的视野中。而在土耳其境内时不时发生的爆炸袭击,更是不断登上新闻头条。从一心希望加入欧盟但屡屡被拒,到现在有意成为与周边国家“零外交问题”的中东大国,土耳其距离自己的“大国梦”似乎越来越远。   土耳其横跨欧亚大陆,地缘位置十分重要。同时,土耳其又是伊斯兰国家,属于北约成员国,长期致力于加入欧盟,其经济总量位居世界第十七位,是中东国家中综合实力较强的国家。   据土耳其统计局数据,2014年土国内生产总值达8001亿美元。   土耳其人也曾建立过一个横跨亚、欧、非三大洲的伟大帝国――奥斯曼帝国(1299-1922),但最终因为内忧外患而土崩瓦解,是土耳其国父凯末尔带领土耳其一步步成为现代化、世俗化的国家。   随着土耳其的崛起,民族复兴成为近代土耳其的“大国梦”。在总理达武特奥卢的《战略纵深》一书中这样写道,土耳其将一改以往“亲西方政策”,转而努力成为中东地区举足轻重的大国,要利用自身优势,扩大影响力,成为乃至在全世界范围内都具有影响力的国家。   而在中东乱局下,土耳其的“大国梦”之路并不顺利。2月22日,美俄两国发表联合声明,宣布就叙利亚问题达成停火共识。一向与美国和欧盟统一战线的土耳其,却与沙特举行联合军演,令人大跌眼镜。   作为北约同盟国,虽然土耳其一直支持叙利亚反对派,坚决推翻阿萨德政权,然而同时又被指暗自勾结“伊斯兰国”,并被拍到从“伊斯兰国”手中购买石油,尽管土总统拒绝承认购买,并称之为“诽谤”。来自伊朗法斯通讯社的消息称,叙利亚自由军宣布已经掌握了土耳其从“伊斯兰国”购买石油所签合同的“图像”。此消息一旦属实,土耳其就难以摆脱“恐怖主义扶持者”这样的帽子。   当然,如上述指控属实,土耳其的真正目也并非购买廉价石油、“顺便”支持恐怖主义,而是打击土耳其境内的库尔德工人党(PKK)。土耳其政府认定,叙利亚境内的库尔德民主联盟党(PYD)是库尔德工人党的分支。库尔德工人党与土政府矛盾已久,被土耳其政府认定为恐怖组织。但美国政府并不认为库尔德工人党是恐怖组织,还大力扶持叙利亚境内的库尔德民主联盟党打击“伊斯兰国”。库尔德人在打击“伊斯兰国”的战斗中确实立功不小,并没有被普遍认定为恐怖分子,还得到了美国支持,壮大了自己的实力,这在一定程度上威胁到了土耳其的国家利益。   为防止土境内的库尔德工人党和叙利亚境内的库尔德民主联盟党联合起来,建立“库尔德斯坦”,土耳其政府步步为营。加之近期土耳其境内爆炸不断,对袭击者的猜测也多指向库尔德武装,即便美俄停战,土总理依然宣布,“若安全受到威胁,不会受制于叙利亚停火协议”。   “天下熙熙皆为利来”,可以说,“库尔德问题”一直是土耳其的忧虑所在。这一问题和“大国梦”相互撕扯,让土耳其深陷中东之乱不能自拔。   有专家认为,只要土耳其封闭土叙边境,就能有效打击“伊斯兰国”。但土耳其不仅没有这样做,反而打开土叙边界接纳了许多叙利亚难民,这让一部分恐怖分子夹杂在难民中混入土耳其,为欧洲安全及其自身安全带来很大隐患。巴黎恐袭事件和土境内发生的多次恐怖袭击爆炸事件就是最好的例证。   而随着土耳其境内叙利亚难民数量的持续增加,街头流浪难民随处可见,这已经对土耳其正常的政治经济秩序、国内安全系数产生了影响。自与俄罗斯爆发冲突以来,土耳其本已疲弱的经济再遭重创,货币贬值、股市大跌,在近两年来出现的一系列经济问题比如失业增加、赤字上升、出口下降等也在进一步恶化。土耳其总统埃尔多安一味想改议会制为总统制政治野心更让土耳其民众心生不满。要想成为大国,首先要维持好国内秩序,不能让民众生活在水深火热之中,在这个方面土耳其还有很远的路要走。 土耳其总统埃尔多安   此外,“毁约红旗9”事件大大损害了土耳其的国际信誉。该一事件不仅与中国有关,更与美国和北约有关。土耳其以“红旗9”与北约防御系统不兼容为由,撤销了与中国价值30亿美元的大单。由于该事件恰好发生在G20峰会刚刚开幕不久,奥巴马与埃尔多安会面之后,让人不由将两件事联系在一起。但更有意思的是,美国和德国随后又撤离了一直保护土耳其领土安全的“爱国者导弹”,将土耳其置于领空开放的状态中。土耳其在万般无奈下又欲购买“红旗9”,但中国以缺货为由进行了婉拒。土耳其出尔反尔的行为,恐与其所希望树立的国际大国形象大相径庭。   谈及“大国梦”,不得不提到另一个与土耳其很像的中东国家――伊朗。伊朗也曾拥有过波斯帝国的辉煌时期,但命途多舛。长达十几年的经济制裁解除后,伊朗经济形势正逐渐恢复,这对于中东和欧洲,乃至整个世界都是一个契机。伊朗将会扮演越来越重要的角色,积极修复与周边国家和世界其他国家的外交关系,提升自己的影响力。而作为穆斯林国家,土耳其在过去几十年中一直奉行着“亲西方”的政策,与中东许多国家不睦、击落俄罗斯飞机后俄土关系破裂、因塞浦路斯问题与希腊长期交恶、还妄图利用少数民族问题干涉我国内政,此举种种都让人无法将土耳其和大国相联系。   一直以来,土耳其有美国撑腰。但在土耳其和沙特要联合参与叙利亚战争后,美国对土耳其进行了警告,可见这两个盟友已有分歧。尽管2015年9月俄罗斯介入叙利亚战争,支持阿萨德政权,并以打击“恐怖主义”为名,袭击“伊斯兰国”及“反政府武装”,但叙利亚内战状况并未见起色。现在,美俄就停战达成统一共识,土耳其若与沙特派遣地面部队出兵叙利亚,俄罗斯绝对不会坐视不管,只会加剧中东乱局,人民苦不堪言。   总之,战争持续,只有中东问题顺利解决,土耳其才能发展经济,才有可能实现强国之梦。但事实上,土耳其的外交政策一直是南辕北辙,离大国梦越来越远。   作者:新浪国际问题自媒体联盟成员 :中东研究通讯(微信号:MenaStudies)   (以上内容来自自媒体,不代表新浪立场) 新浪国际自媒体联盟成员招募中:tianxiazhoukan@vip.sina相关的主题文章: